A serger, also known as an overlocker, is a type of sewing machine that is used to finish the raw edges of fabric, creating a professional-looking, clean and neat finish. Sergers are also known for their ability to sew and cut fabric at the same time, making them a popular choice for sewing knit fabrics, as well as for creating seams that have a high level of stretchability. In this article, we will discuss how to properly use a serger, including threading the machine, adjusting tensions, and troubleshooting common issues.
Step 1: Threading the Machine
The first step in using a serger is threading the machine. The process of threading a serger is more complex than threading a traditional sewing machine. Each serger has its own threading diagram, so consult the manual for your specific serger for detailed instructions on how to thread it.
Step 2: Adjusting Tensions
After the machine is threaded, you will need to adjust the tensions. Tensions control the tightness of the thread and are essential for creating a professional-looking, clean and neat finish. Each serger has its own unique tension settings, so consult the manual for your specific serger for detailed instructions on how to adjust tensions.
Step 3: Sewing
Once the machine is threaded and the tensions are adjusted, you can begin sewing. Place your fabric under the presser foot and lower it to hold the fabric in place. Begin sewing by pressing down on the foot pedal, or by pressing a button if your machine is electronic. Guide the fabric through the machine while keeping the fabric straight and even.
Step 4: Troubleshooting
Even with proper threading and tension adjustment, sergers can experience issues. Some common problems include thread breaking, fabric bunching, and uneven stitches. If you experience any of these issues, consult the manual for your machine or seek the help of a professional.
A serger is a powerful tool for creating a professional-looking, clean and neat finish on your sewing projects. By properly threading the machine, adjusting tensions, and troubleshooting common issues, you will be able to confidently and efficiently use your serger to create beautiful garments and other items. With a little practice, you'll be able to master the art of using a serger and take your sewing projects to the next level.